A course for 7 hours of continuing education

Approved by the Association for Play Therapy (#02-117) for 4 hours Distance Learning Continuing Education

Stop Child Abuse
is a 7
unit course
in fulfillment of the CA Board of Behavioral Sciences
and CA Board of Psychology mandated course in Child Abuse Assessment and Reporting,
as well as meeting continuing education requirements

How to Make a Report of Child Abuse in California

  • Immediately, or as soon as possible, call a Child Protective Services agency to make a verbal report. If the child is in imminent danger, call 911.
  • Inform the agency that you are a Mandated Reporter.
  • File a written report within 36 hours of your verbal report (on Form SS 8572.)

Child Abuse is Cowardice!

There is never an excuse to hurt a child!!!!


Learning Objectives

In this 7 unit course:

1. Clinicians will learn to recognize the 'red flags', for assessment, detection, and signs of child abuse, including how to identify Posttraumatic play

2. Clinicians will learn the legal and ethical requirements for reporting child abuse

3. Clinicians will learn about intervention strategies and treatment for child abuse, including play therapy and story telling techniques

4. Clinicians will be introduced to community resources and prevention for child abuse

5. Clinicians will learn how child abuse impacts neurobiology  and brain development

This course meets the qualifications for 7 hours of continuing education units

is approved by the:

CA BBS - California Board of Behavioral Science accepts our CE Provider Approvals through APA, NASW, and NBCC. Course meets the qualifications for hours of continuing education credit for LMFTs, LCSWs, LPCCs, and/or LEPs as required by the California Board of Behavioral Science
Florida Board of Clinical Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy, Mental Health Counseling (BAP 753 )
NAADAC - The Association for Addiction Professionals (#575)
NBCC - National Board for Certified Counselors - www.psychceu.com has been approved by NBCC as an Approved Continuing Education Provider, ACEP No. 6055. Programs that do not qualify for NBCC credit are clearly identified. www.psychceu.com is solely responsible for all aspects of the programs. (ACEP #6055)
Texas State Board of Examiners of Professional Counselors (#1761)
The Texas Board of Social Work Examiners (#6246)

maintains responsibility for the program.



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Reported incidents of child sexual abuse are markedly on the rise. What is especially shocking is the fact that these reports represent only a small portion of actual occurrences of sexual abuse. Incest affects individuals and families regardless of class, income, profession, religion or race. The statistics are truly alarming. It is currently estimated that one-third of all children are sexually abused before the age of 18. This includes 40% of all females and 30% of all males. The vast majority of these reports involve very young children, below age seven.

Every year in this country, two million children are brutally beaten or sexually abused. 340,000 new cases were reported in 1989 (U.S. Advisory Board, April, 1991). Of these abused children, 3,000 to 5,000 die every year. In New York State alone, 200 bodies of sexually and physically abused children are found each year and not even identified. These are the ultimate victims.

Children who are neglected or sexually abused are known to have lower IQs and an increased risk of depression, suicide and drug problems. Abused children are 53% more likely to be arrested as juveniles, and 38% more likely to be arrested for a violent crime. During preschool years, abused children are more likely to get angry, refuse direction from teachers, and lack enthusiasm. By the time they reach grade school, they are more prone to being easily distracted, lacking in self-control, and not well-liked by peers.

Source: SEXUAL ABUSE: SURVIVING THE PAIN Barbara E. Bogorad, Psy.D, A.B.P.P.


The United Nations estimates that at least 1 million boys and girls are forced or coerced into the sex trade every year. This increases with the arrival of wealthy overseas tourists, compounding existing problems of poverty and disease. HIV infection rates among child prostitutes in Thailand, for example, are thought to be up to 75 per cent. (Source:The Japan Times, 25 May 2001)


This 7 unit course
'red flags'

intervention strategies
community resources
developmental factors
child abuse

and may be taken in fulfillment of the CA BBS
mandated prelicensure requirement as well as for
continuing education for licensured professionals

Cost of the 7 unit course is $88

The e-book is $20, which is the course material without the post-test or credits


Child Abuse is Cowardice!

There is never an excuse to hurt a child!!!!


Table of Contents

What do we owe our children?
Philosophical Tenets of Child Protection
Principles of Child Protection

Types of Child Abuse
Child Abuse and Neglect Defined in Federal Law
Major Types of Child Abuse and Neglect Defined
Physical Abuse
Sexual Abuse
Emotional Abuse

Hansel and Gretel -A story of Child neglect and abuse

Sexual Abuse
Symptoms of  sexual abuse
Keeping children safe
Long-term effects of child sexual abuse

Physical Abuse - Battered Child Syndrome
Causes, incidence, and risk factors 
Signs and tests 
Treatment of Physical injuries 

Snow White- A story of multiple child murder attempts

Lethal Child Abuse

Statistics and Interventions

Which Children Are Most Vulnerable
How Deaths Occur
Community Response
Child Fatality Prevention

Sedna - A story of a murdered child

Vulnerable Populations

Risk factors
Parent factors
Sociocultural factors
Environmental factors
Child factors.
Incidence of Disabled Child Abuse

The Girl without Hands - A story of child prostitution and mutilation

Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect

Health and Physical Effects
Cognitive Development and Academic Achievement
Emotional, Psychosocial, and Behavioral Development

Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Early Brain Development

How the Brain Develops
Effects of Maltreatment on Brain Development
Implications for Practice and Policy
Summary and Research Recommendations

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Children and Adolescents

Long-Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect

Physical Health Consequences
Psychological Consequences
Behavioral Consequences
Societal Consequences

Signs of Child Abuse

Recognizing Child Abuse
Child and Parent Behavior
Signs of Physical Abuse
Signs of Neglect
Signs of Sexual Abuse
Signs of Emotional Maltreatment

Child Abuse Reporting

Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Hotlines
How to Complete the Child Abuse Report Form
What Happens After a Report is Made


Treatment Of Child Sexual Abuse
Case Management Considerations
Causal Models of Sexual Abuse
Treatment Modalities
Treatment Issues

Counseling Abused Children


Child Sexual Abuse: What It Is and How To Prevent It
Prevention as a Strategy

Types of Prevention Activities
Major Prevention Program Models
Role of Various Entities in Prevention Efforts

Prevention - Internet Child Abuse

Prevention - Worldwide Sexual Exploitation of Children

Toll-Free Crisis Hotline Numbers Resource Listing




What do we owe our children?

  • Safety. All children have the right to live in an environment free from abuse and neglect. The safety of children is the paramount concern that must guide child protection efforts.

  • Permanency. Children need a family and a permanent place to call home. A sense of continuity and connectedness is central to a child's healthy development.

  • Child and family well-being. Children deserve nurturing environments in which their physical, emotional, educational, and social needs are met. Child protection practices must take into account each child's needs and should promote healthy development. (National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.)



Types of Child Abuse


Child Maltreatment, child abuse, child neglect, physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, Maltrato de Menores, abuso de menores, negligencia de menores, abuso fisico, negligencia,  abuso sexual

What is Child Abuse and Neglect?

Year Published: 2004


How is Child Abuse and Neglect Defined in Federal Law?

Federal legislation provides a foundation for States by identifying a minimum set of acts or behaviors that define child abuse and neglect. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), (42 U.S.C.A. 5106g), as amended by the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum:

  • Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or
  • An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.

What Are the Major Types of Child Abuse and Neglect?

Within the minimum standards set by CAPTA, each State is responsible for providing its own definitions of child abuse and neglect 1. Most States recognize four major types of maltreatment: neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. Although any of the forms of child maltreatment may be found separately, they often occur in combination.

The examples provided below are for general informational purposes only. Not all States' definitions will include all of the examples listed below, and individual States' definitions may cover additional situations not mentioned here.

Neglect is failure to provide for a child's basic needs. Neglect may be:

  • Physical (e.g., failure to provide necessary food or shelter, or lack of appropriate supervision)
  • Medical (e.g., failure to provide necessary medical or mental health treatment)2
  • Educational (e.g., failure to educate a child or attend to special education needs)
  • Emotional (e.g., inattention to a child's emotional needs, failure to provide psychological care, or permitting the child to use alcohol or other drugs)

These situations do not always mean a child is neglected. Sometimes cultural values, the standards of care in the community, and poverty may be contributing factors, indicating the family is in need of information or assistance. When a family fails to use information and resources, and the child's health or safety is at risk, then child welfare intervention may be required.

Physical Abuse is physical injury (ranging from minor bruises to severe fractures or death) as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, shaking, throwing, stabbing, choking, hitting (with a hand, stick, strap, or other object), burning, or otherwise harming a child. Such injury is considered abuse regardless of whether the caretaker intended to hurt the child.

Sexual Abuse includes activities by a parent or caretaker such as fondling a child's genitals, penetration, incest, rape, sodomy, indecent exposure, and exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials.3

Emotional Abuse is a pattern of behavior that impairs a child's emotional development or sense of self-worth. This may include constant criticism, threats, or rejection, as well as withholding love, support, or guidance. Emotional abuse is often difficult to prove and, therefore, CPS may not be able to intervene without evidence of harm to the child. Emotional abuse is almost always present when other forms are identified.


Child Maltreatment 2001: Summary of Key Findings
Summarizes national child abuse statistics regarding investigations of child abuse and neglect, victims of maltreatment, perpetrators, fatalities, and services.

How Does the Child Welfare System Work?
A brief overview of the purposes and functions of the child welfare system from a national perspective.

Legal Issues and Laws
Information about legal aspects of child abuse and neglect from the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.

Recognizing Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms
Lists general signs that may signal the presence of child abuse or neglect, as well as signs associated with specific types of abuse.


1 See Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect, from the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect State Statutes Series. back
2 Withholding of medically indicated treatment is defined by CAPTA as "the failure to respond to the infant's life threatening conditions by providing treatment (including appropriate nutrition, hydration, and medication) that in the treating physician's or physicians' reasonable medical judgment, will be most likely to be effective in ameliorating or correcting all such conditions." CAPTA does note a few exceptions, including infants who are "chronically and irreversibly comatose"; situations when providing treatment would not save the infant's life but merely prolong dying; or when "the provision of such treatment would be virtually futile in terms of the survival of the infant and the treatment itself under such circumstances would be inhumane." back
3Sexual abuse is defined by CAPTA as "the employment, use, persuasion, inducement, enticement, or coercion of any child to engage in, or assist any other person to engage in, any sexually explicit conduct or simulation of such conduct for the purpose of producing a visual depiction of such conduct; or the rape, and in cases of caretaker or inter-familial relationships, statutory rape, molestation, prostitution, or other form of sexual exploitation of children, or incest with children." back

This material may be freely reproduced and distributed. However, when doing so, please credit the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.

A Service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families,
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

For more information, contact:
National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information
330 C Street, SW
Washington, DC 20447
Phone: (800) 394-3366 or (703) 385-7565
Fax: (703) 385-3206

This 7 unit course
'red flags'

intervention strategies
community resources
developmental factors
child abuse



All material included in this course is either in the public domain, or used with express permission.


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We do adhere to the American Psychological Association's Ethical Principles of Psychologists. Our courses are carefully screened by the Planning Committee to adhere to APA standards. We also require authors who compose Internet courses specifically for us follow APA ethical standards.

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